Virtual Kollage: The importance of fisheries to national economy

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The importance of fisheries to national economy

Koi Fish, Animals, Fish, Swimming


THE IMPORTANCE OF FISHERIES TO NATIONAL ECONOMY
Definition of fisheries
Fisheries generally refer to that type of work where people catch fish and process them or for others to process, and where the raw fish or the processed ones are sold to others to eat or to trade. The term sometimes refers to the science behind the act of producing fish for the consumption of the human race or for sports and recreational purposes.

TYPES OF FISHERIES
Over the years, several types of fisheries have been identified and some of them would be discussed in the paragraphs below.

Commercial fishing
Commercial fishing refers to the activity of fishing where fish and or other seafood are captured from water bodies like the Sea, rivers and lakes and sold to the general public in order to make profit. In this type of fisheries, small, medium and big fishing vessels are employed and they go out to the Sea for many long hours or days. Tuner fishing for example, can be classified under commercial fishery.

Fisherman Fishing Reel River Rod Fish Catc 
Subsistence fishing
Subsistence fishing on the other hand is the opposite of commercial fishing. In this type of fishing, the aim is not necessarily to sell the fish in order to make profit though a few may be sold to meet household demands. The fish caught here is only meant to cater for the immediate needs of the fisher-folk’s family. The fish is taken from the water body and straight into the waiting pots of the fisherman.

Artisanal fishing
Another type of fishing is artisanal fishing. Here, there is not much high tech involved and it is also not on a big scale like the commercial fishing. People who live close to water bodies like lakes, rivers and seas, just fish close by the shores or go a little farther afield and catch fish for their households.

Recreational fishing
In the case of recreational fishing, the major push is to engage in a sporting activity. People compete with others in the fishing activity. In this situation also, there is a level of fun involved. The fisher-folks do not really need the fish to prepare their meals; neither do they need the fish to sell to others in order to make profit. They fish to keep fit.

THE IMPORTANCE OF FISHERIES TO NATIONAL ECONOMY
Provides food
One of the reasons why fishing is important is because it provides food for millions of people all over the world. The human race needs a specific amount of fish protein daily, there are billions of people populating the world today and most, if not all of these people, need protein in their system. For those who prefer fish protein, fishing is a very important source of that fish protein.

Creates employment for people
Another way in which fishing is important is that it provides a ready source of employment for people. Commercial farmers, for example, need to employ people to be able to catch enough fish to keep up with the demands of the consuming public. Apart from those who catch fish, there are others who are involved in the marketing of fish. There are also people who buy the fish and turn them into delicious meals for sale to make a living. All these people are employed. In the U.S. alone, about two million people are employed in the industry. According to the F.A.O. country report on Ghana for 2002, about 526,000 people are employed in the fishing industry with an export value of $94 million.

Generates income for folks
Again, fishing is important because it generates income for different categories of people. For example, the commercial fisherman puts up his catch for sale. The marketer gets the fish from the fisherman and distributes it down the chain to homes, restaurants, schools that operate canteens and so on. These activities help to generate income for those involved.

Fishing Boats, Fishing Port, Beach, Sea
Source of foreign exchange
Another reason why fishing is important is the fact that it serves as a source of foreign exchange for national economies. Many countries which are involved in commercial fishing export their products to other countries and earn hard cash for their troubles. For close to 20 years, China has remained the largest exporter of fish. It is estimated that in 2017 alone, China produced closed to 70 million tons of seafood products valued at billions of dollars

Reduces stress
Those who engage in recreational fishing use the activity to distress. In other words, anybody who feels tensed and engages in recreational fishing can feel relaxed afterwards. This can also improve the health status of the people involved and impact national productivity.

SAMPLE QUESTION(S)
1. a. What is fishing?
    b. Identify three types of fishing and discuss five ways in which fishing is important.


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