Posted by / Thursday 25 May 2023 / No comments

The classification and description of some facilities that are common at fish landing sites




The facilities at fish landing sites are essential to the success of any fishing enterprise. Whether it's a small, family-owned business or a large commercial operation, having the right tools and infrastructure in place can make all the difference. In this article, we'll take a look at the different types of facilities available, how they can benefit fishermen, and what should be taken into consideration when selecting a fish landing site. We'll also discuss the importance of good maintenance and proper management of these facilities to ensure they continue to serve the fishing community for years to come.



A winch is a machine that is used to wind up, or spool a cable or rope. A winch is either operated by electricity or by hydraulics. They can be operated by the use of manpower by remote control. A winch is used to launch or to retrieve fishing gear. Some of the fishing gear a winch is used to deploy are trawl nets, longlines, pots and buoys. A winch can be used to pull heavy buoys, anchors, etc. It can be used to pull nets on the surface of the water, to deploy the gear at the desired depth, and to retrieve the gear from the water.

Cold store

A cold store is one of the major facilities that is central to operations of the fishing industry. It is so because it helps preserving of fish products. It is a warehouse of a sort which is temperature-controlled. There, fish products are processed and distributed through the market chain in the fisheries industry. It is in a cold store that we store fresh and frozen seafood, before it is sold to a prospective buyer. Fish products can also be processed, packaged and distributed to the market. The cold store is designed to maintain a constant temperature and humidity level. The temperature is usually from 0 degrees Celsius, up to 5 degrees Celsius. This temperature level is intended to keep the fish product fresh all the time and prevent it from going bad. Some cold stores are equipped with blast freezers, ice-making machines and vacuum-packing. The equipment is able to further prolong the shelf life of the fish products.

Ice plant

Another facility which is crucial to the fisheries industry is an ice plant. This is because it ensures that fish products are safely transported to the consumer in a top-quality form. No spoilage entertained.  An ice plant is used to produce ice and store the same for use by the fishing industry. It has an industrial refrigeration system, large-scale freezers, and a space to store it. The ice plant is needed in the preservation of fish products when being transported to the market or to the processing plant. The ice helps to preserve the flavor and texture of the fish product.

(Gas station)

Fuel station

With the invention of engine operated machines, and the incorporation of the same into machinery used in the fishing industry, fuel has become an essential commodity in fueling almost all machines. Fuel stations have therefore become one of the most important facilities for providing fuel for fishing vessels. Some of the fuel types provided at fuel stations include diesel, gasoline, and others. This is dependent on the particular needs of the vessels. Fuel for the fishing industry is used for several purposes. For example, fuel is needed to power diesel engines in fishing vessels. Fuel is needed for cooking and heating on board fishing vessels. At fuel stations where vessels are served, other services like the washing of vessels and general maintenance. Additionally, they refuel vessels.


One of the features that strikes a person in a visit to a shoreline or riverbank when A slipway is a structure along the shoreline or a riverbank is a ramp that slopes into the sea or river. This structure enables boats to be launched into the water or retrieved from the water. This structure is called a slipway. Slipways are also useful during the repair and maintenance on vessels, because the repair is carried out there.

Dry dock

Fishing vessels are essential aspect of the work of fishermen and the fishery industry. There are times, however, when the vessel is not in use, for example, during closed seasons or just a place to keep the boat. That place where the boat is kept during this period is called a drydock. A drydock is located on the shores. It is a holding place for ships when they are under repairs or being serviced. On one side is a wall, which is intended to block off the sea and on the other is a sloping ramp. The purpose of the slopping ramp is to allow ships to enter and to exit. A drydock is used, to enclose ships for security reasons. Ships and boats are kept here during the clos season when vessels normally do not launch to the sea or into the river or lake.


A jetty is used for various purposes in the fishing industry. It provides access to deeper water areas. It provides shelter for boats to dock and also easier access to fishing grounds. Since it is a structure that is built and extended into the water from the shoreline, they serve also as a barrier against strong currents and waves. This way, they offer protection to boats and prevents damage. A jetty is also a structure for fish to gather thereby creating a popular place to fish. It is a place boats can drop their nets and for anglers to stand and launch their fishing lines. It is a place for boats to moor. A jetty is made of concrete, wood, stone, or metal and could be built on the shores of a lake, river or ocean.


The purpose of a breakwater is to reduce the force of waves, strong currents, and flooding. While it does this, it protects the harbours and the fleet of ships the forces of the waves and storms. It prevents dirt and other pollutants from getting into the harbour and this, on its own, creates a healthy environment for fish and other aquatic life forms. A breakwater creates a calmer water and makes maneuvering easy for vessels. Breakwaters can be either artificial or natural, and are usually built from large stones, boulders, or concrete. A breakwater is usually built along the coast line and harbours.


The facilities at fish landing sites are essential to ensure the safe and efficient unloading of fish and other marine products. They provide a crucial platform for local communities to access the seafood they need, while also providing a vital source of employment to those working in the fishing industry. With increased investment in these facilities, it is possible to improve the sustainability of the fishing industry and ensure its continued growth for future generations. It is clear that fish landing sites provide a great benefit to our communities, and it is important that we continue to invest in them.

Also Read:

How to classify and describe the common fishing gears used in the fishery industry

Describe some harmful fishing practices and how they affect fishery habitats

What are the effects of aquatic invasive alien species on fishery habitats, fishery organisms and fishermen/women.

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