Posted by / Friday 10 February 2017 / No comments

The problems of the Civil Service in Nigeria

The Nigerian Civil Service can be defined as an administrative body constituted under the executive arm of the government. Its main functions include, but not limited to, formulating and implementing the policies of the Nigerian government.

One of the major problems of the Nigerian Civil Service is tribalism. The ethnic and tribal affiliations in the Nigerian society makes it imperative that one helps his or her brother to get his or her way around the provision of services within the Civil Service structure which should have been freely provided in the first place. It also makes it possible for people to be employed into the service not on merit but on tribal affinity.

Another major problem of the Nigerian Civil Service is the problem of over-staffing. There are too many people employed into the service who have nothing to do because there is simply not enough work to go round all the workers there. This may be due to each person helping a tribesman to get a job and feed his or her family. The over-staffing seem to be especially so at the lower levels of the ladder.  

Poor conditions of service
The condition of service in the Nigerian Civil Service is not attractive. The salaries are nothing to write home about, especially, where the economic conditions of the country is so fragile. Civil Servants have to drag themselves to work every day because the zeal to be at work is not there. This may also be conditioned on the premise that the number of workers are huge and improving the service conditions and actually implementing them would require a colossal amount of money.

Lack of qualified personnel
Another problem of the Nigerian Civil Service is that the caliber of workers there are not the most qualified. One, because during recruitment, critical criteria are ignored to get friends fixed and two, the condition of service does not attract the qualified people to want to apply to work there, let alone take appointments.

Lack of adequate training
The Nigerian Civil Servant does not undergo the necessary training and retraining that is needed for him or her to perform at his or her optimum. This may be due to a number of factors, chief of which may be the lack of resources to carry out the training.

Political instability
The political environment within which the Nigerian Civil Servant operates is not stable enough to ensure continuity as is required under the features of the Civil Service. In the days of military rule, anytime there was a forceful change of government, all the top men at the Civil Service had to be changed. In this era of democratic dispensation, it is no different when one political party loses power to the other.

1. a. Define Civil Service
    b. Highlight five problems that are faced by the Civil Service in Nigeria.

2. Explain six major criticisms leveled against the Civil Service in Nigeria.
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