Posted by / Tuesday 22 November 2016 / No comments

The functions of the executive

The Executive can be defined as that arm of government that is responsible for the formulation and implementation of policies.

Policy formulation and implementation
One of the functions of the executive is to formulate and implement policies that will ensure that the country is administered properly. This mandate is carried with the help of the country’s Civil Service.

Maintain law and order
Another function of the Executive is to maintain law and order with the confines of the country. This is to ensure internal security for development to flourish.

Give assent to bills
One other function of the executive is sign bills into law. It is true that laws are passed in Parliament after it has been discussed but that law cannot become effective if the executive does not assent to it. In this sense, the Executive is performing a legislative function.  

Preparation of annual budget
It is the duty of the executive to prepare the annual budget and present same to the Parliament for discussion and approval. By doing so, the Executive is performing financial functions of the state. After it is approved, it is the Executive is the organ that implements it.

Appointing power
Most of the appointees of government are appointed by the Executive. Consequent to this, the Executive also has the power to promote, transfer or dismiss people. Within the confines of the law, therefore, it is the Executive that decides who works where in both the Civil and Public Service.

Ceremonial functions
Part of the duties of the Executive is to confer honours on deserving citizens and institutions. The Executive performs other ceremonial functions like taking salute national parades and the receipt of Heads of State from other countries.  

1. Highlight six functions of the Executive arm of the state.

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