Virtual Kollage: The features of the City Manager type of Local Government

Posted by / Saturday, 28 May 2016 / No comments

The features of the City Manager type of Local Government


THE CITY MANAGER TYPE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT
Definition
The City Manager type of local government is that type of Local Government system where elections to office are not based on the political leaning of the contestants. In other words, it is a system where party politicking is avoided at the local level. The system originates from the United States of America.

Composition
The City Council of the City Manager type of local government consists of between four to nine members who are elected by the people. Of this number, one is appointed out of the lot as the City Manager. The City Manager then appoints the heads of all the departments in the City Council. Some of the departments included the Departments of Public Relations, Fire, Waste Management, and Engineering.

FEATURES
Absence of partisan politics
Political party activities are absent in this type of system. The members of the Council are elected directly by the people in the city based on their own merit and not on the ticket of any political party. At once, the entire rancor that is associated with party politics is eliminated.

Appointment of a Mayor
The system makes provision for the appointment of one of the Council Members as the Mayor, who performs ceremonial functions mainly. The person appointed as the Mayor is normally the one who had the highest votes in the election. The mayor’s main functions were to chair council meetings and to represent the city council, etc.

Appointment of City Manager
The system makes provision for the appointment of a professional administrator as the City Manager. The City Manager is appointed after he has been interviewed and found to be fit for the job. He is not a member of the City Council and therefore does not have a vote but he attends meetings and where necessary, offers his advice and or recommendations.


Governance of the city
The responsibility for governing the city is for the City Council. The City Council draws programmes and policies for implementation. It decides on how to raise money, like how much tax must be paid by the residents of the city and how the money so realized should be utilized.

Exclusion of Political Authorities
The City Manager system of local government makes provision for the exclusion of political parties. The City Manager is appointed without the involvement of the government. The salaries and emoluments of the Council members is not based on grants from the government. The council appoints and pays its own personnel.

Urban-Oriented
The City Manager system of local government can mainly be operated in a city setting and not in the rural areas.

SAMPLE QUESTIONS
1. a. Describe the City Manager type of Local Government System.
    b. Highlight five advantages of the City Manager local government system.

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