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Traditional music and dance

Adowa dance in Ghana

TRADITIONAL MUSIC AND DANCE
Introduction
There is no community in Ghana without a form of traditional music and dance. Traditional music and dance is the indigenous and untainted form of music and dance that the traditional people engage in in Ghana. The types of music and dance, performed by the various ethnic groups include, but is not limited to, Agbadza, Adowa, and Kpalongo.
           
IMPORTANCE OF TRADITIONAL MUSIC AND DANCE
Good for social cohesion
Music and dance is used during social functions such as birthday parties, naming ceremonies,  marriage, puberty and funeral ceremonies. It is also used on other occasions such as the Odwira, Homowo, Hogbetsoto, Akwasidae festivals.This helps to bring the the people together.

Expression of sympathy
Traditional music and dance is also used, by traditional people, to express sympathy and share grief with family and friends. Funeral dirges, for example, are used to grief during funerals. In short, traditional music and dance is used to express sympathy toward people.

Used for entertainment
Traditional music and dance serves as a source of entertainment to the people. People join to sing, drum and dance during traditional music and dance performances to relieve themselves of fatigue, tension and loneliness. While people dance and enjoy themselves, others watch from the sidelines, they sing and take dance steps and relax to enjoy themselves.

Source of employment
The various drums that are played, during traditional music and dance performances are carved by craftsmen. Other accompanying instruments are manufactured by blacksmiths and other trades men. Those who manufacture these instruments sell them to the public. Again, when the drummers, dancers and singers are hired to perform during ceremonies and occasions, they are paid. For these reasons, one can argue that traditional music and dance serves as a source of employment and income.

Source of information
Talking drums are used to send messages to people and many times across communities. It is used to summon people in communities. The type of message played on the instrument<<Back to Home Page, determines whether the situation is an emergency or otherwise. Until the recent introduction of electronic sirens, the talking drum was used to determine time for assembly, break time, change of lesson and so on. The lyrics that traditional songs contain are used as messages to people. The gestures and signs used by traditional dancers are also moss codes used to convey messages.

Motivation
Traditional music is important in boosting the morale and physical strength of people. Songs are used especially on farms during the planting and harvesting crops. They are also used during fishing expeditions, mending of nets by fishermen, weaving traditional of cloths, construction works, etc. The songs are used to ward off fatigue.

SAMPLE QUESTIONS
1. a. Explain traditional music and dance.
    b. In which six ways is traditional music important?
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