Virtual Kollage: The factors that contributed to the rise of the kingdom of Kush

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The factors that contributed to the rise of the kingdom of Kush

Friends, Khartoum, Sudan, People
Traders in Khartoum, Sudan.

THE FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTED TO RISE OF THE KUSHITE KINGDOM
Introduction
The ancient kingdom of Kush was located near the Nile Valley in the South of Sudan and Egypt. The modern location of the ancient kingdom is in modern-day Sudan. Several factors have contributed to the rise of the Kush as a kingdom and some of these factors are discussed in the under listed paragraphs.

THE FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTED TO RISE OF THE KUSHITE KINGDOM
The brief fall of Egypt
One of the factors that contributed to the rise of the kingdom of Kush was the brief fall of the kingdom of Egypt. With the Hyksos' conquer of Lower Egypt and their subsequent rule over the same, the kingdom of Kush became the superpower in Upper Egypt. In about 730, the leaders of Kush invaded Egypt and ruled it for almost 70 years.

Iron deposits in Kush
Another contributing factor to the rise of the kingdom of Kush was the presence of iron ore deposits. In addition to these iron ore deposits, the people were skilled in the extraction of iron and using same to manufacture implements for farming purposes and for making weapons. Their various tools were in very high demand in the region and this turn the kingdom of Kush into a hub where money, weapons, and farm implements exchanged hands.

Agriculture
Also, agriculture played a major role in the rise of the Kushite kingdom. The skills of their artisans in the iron industry helped them to manufacture farm implements. These implements were employed in clearing, tilling and ploughing fertile lands for cultivation of various cereals such as millet and sorghum. Agricultural production, therefore, increased the food security of the kingdom. They also engaged in the raising of domestic animals to meet their protein needs. Food security gave enormous stability to the kingdom.
Desert Rocks Sand Sudan Meroe Sudan Sudan
Desert rocks in Sudan

Trading activities
Again, trading activities contributed to the rise of the kingdom. As a kingdom endowed with the skills of iron smelting and manufacture of implements of various kinds, many people wanted to acquire some of their products. The Kushites became traders in iron products used for either farm work or for war. Apart from this, the Kushites went into the importation of wood, used in firing the blast furnaces when their stock of wood started dwindling. They also established trade with West Africa and engaged in buying gold through the Sahara Desert. These trading activities contributed to the sustenance of the kingdom.

The military
In addition, one other factor which contributed to the rise of the kingdom of Kush was their military. The Kushite leaders ensured the training of Kushite hunters in the handling of weapons and how to engage in warfare. These then formed the core of the Kushite military. The army was then used to ward off invaders and to launch military attacks of other areas for purposes of territorial expansion. They also built garrisons where soldiers were stationed to serve as a buffer in times of any invasion.

SAMPLE QUESTION(S)
1. Highlight five factors that contributed to the rise of the kingdom of Kush


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