Posted by / Thursday 19 July 2018 / No comments

The roles of public agencies in tourism in Nigeria

Image result for free Images of ministry of tourism, Nigeria
The contribution of tourism to a national economy cannot be gainsaid. In some countries of the world, tourism is almost turning into the highest contributor to GDP and therefore other countries are following with calculated policies and programmes to cash in, including Nigeria.

The federal government of Nigeria has over the years established correspondent ministries and important public agencies to help the country drive the agenda of diversifying the sources of income for the state, a chunk of it to include tourism. Some of these public agencies include the Federal Ministry of Tourism, Culture and National Orientation, State Tourism Boards and Local Government Tourism Committees. Other public agencies are the Nigerian Tourism Development Corporation which is responsible for policy implementation, National Institute for Hospitality and Tourism, responsible for Manpower development and National Commission for Museums and Monuments responsible for the preservation of heritages.

Federal Ministry of Tourism, Culture and National Orientation
The Federal Ministry of Tourism, Culture and National Orientation was chipped off two previous federal ministries, these are the Federal Ministry of Information and Culture and the Federal Ministry of Commerce and Tourism. It was established in 1999. It is responsible for promoting the cultural heritage of the country. Some of the objectives of the ministry include, the promotion of culture and tourism as a foreign exchange earner, positioning the sector as a major employer of labour and the driver of rural development, to mention but a few.

State Ministries of Tourism
Aside the Federal Ministry of Tourism, the various states within the federation also have their respective tourism ministries charged with the responsibility of developing the tourism sector within their respective jurisdictions.

Beach, Love, Sunset, Sea, Man, Woman 
The Lagos State Ministry of Tourism and Inter-Governmental Relations, for example, was set up to take care of policy development. It is also to plan and implement the state’s policy on tourism. In other words, this ministry is the driver of government plans and projections in the tourism sector of the Lagos State economy

Local Government Tourism Committees
Further down at the Local Government level, committees or boards have been set up to harness the tourism potentials of the states. In Ekiti state, for instance, Local Government Tourism Committees have been inaugurated. The main purpose of these committees is to identify and develop the tourism potentials of the state.

There are also other public agencies under the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Tourism that are charged to perform various roles within the sector.

Nigerian Tourism Development Corporation
The Tourism Development Corporation came into existence in 1992. It started first as the Nigerian Tourist Association way back in 1962. After its establishment in 1992, it was placed under the Ministry of Culture, Tourism, and National Orientation. According to information available on their official website, the Nigerian Tourism Development Corporation’s main functions are to plan, supervise, develop and market tourism in Nigeria. In other words, it was charged with the responsibility of policy implementation.

National Institute for Hospitality and Tourism
The National Institute of Hospitality and Tourism, NIHOTOUR, Nigeria was established in 1988 to train professionals for the tourism industry in Nigeria. It was also to introduce post-graduate courses in the travel and tourism and hospitality fields. In a nutshell, it is responsible for Manpower development in the tourism sector.

National Institute for Cultural Orientation (NICO)
The National Institute for Cultural Orientation is another relevant skills acquisition centre in Nigeria. It was established in 1993 as a parastatal of the Federal Ministry of Tourism, Culture and National Orientation. As a training institute, NICO contribution to the tourism sector is to train Cultural Officers, Motivators and Communicators in the cultural realities, philosophy and practices of Nigeria. Its vision is to become the leading cultural training institute in Nigeria.

National Commission for Museums and Monuments
The National Commission for Museums and Monuments was first established by decree in 1977. With the re-introduction of liberal democracy in Nigeria, that decree has since been replaced with an Act of Parliament, CAP 242 of 1990. The primary aim for the establishment of this Commission is to preserve the rich cultural heritage of Nigeria for the people both living and yet to be born. It is also present same to both local and international tourists to boost tourism in Nigeria. As part of their functions, they collect and document the cultural and natural heritages of Nigeria so that they can be conserved and preserved. In museums dotted around various places in Nigeria, the commission ensures that the heritages are presented to the public for both entertainment and educational purposes.

The Rivers State Tourism Development Agency (RSTDA)
This is one of the State Government agencies in Nigeria. This one happens to be in Rivers State. This Tourism Development Agency was established in January of 2012. It primary aim is to stimulate responsible partnership in the sector, between local and international players so as to harness the potentials in the tourism sector in Rivers State. It also aspires to develop to measure up to global best practices.

1. a. Identify six public agencies of tourism in Nigeria.
     b. Highlight the roles played by four of the public agencies listed above.


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