Posted by / Friday 28 April 2017 / No comments

The reasons for the migration of the African stone aged man from the Savannah to the rainforest

The Stone Age refers to the periods before the discovery of metal. It has been demarcated into the Early, Middle and Late Stone Age periods. 

In the Early Stone Age period, the main tools of man were simple. They chipped off flakes from pebbles to form a sharp object which they then used to chop off or cut things. The tools were used by the people classified as Hom* habilis. 

In the Middle Aged period, the tools were made from bones instead of pebbles. These tools were used by the people classified as Hom* sapiens. Then in the Late Stone Age period, the tools became more advanced. They produced tools like needles and fish-hooks and were used by the type of men classified as Hom* sapiens sapiens.

Then the Stone Aged man decided to move into the forest away from the Savannah that he had hitherto occupied. Several reasons have been adduced for this move.

Improved tool-making skills
One of the reasons why the Stone Aged man moved into the forest was that he had developed better tools than he hitherto had. He had, at this stage, developed harpoons and needles. With this development, the Stone Aged man felt he was equal to the dangers that might be entailed in the forest and beyond.

The discovery of fire
The Stone Aged man made a great discovery that made a great improvement on his life. He developed the art of making fire. The man knew that he could use the fire to cook his food to make it tastier. He also realized that he could use the fire as a weapon to ward off any dangers that the forest might present. All these enhanced his confidence to venture into the forest.

The Savannah became dryer
The Savannah, in which the Stone Aged man was hitherto surviving, had dried up because of inadequate rainfall. This state of affairs did not allow for the easy production of adequate food to feed the people, hence the need to move into the forest.

Depleted source of protein, fruits and nuts
The dryness of the Savannah also led to the reduction in the game they hunted for food. There were fewer animals remaining in the Savannah since most had migrated into the forest to escape the harsh conditions there. Also, fewer fruits and nuts were available. So the Stone Aged man was compelled to move into the forest.

Courage to penetrate the forest
As the amount of rainfall reduced over the years, the thickness of the forest had also reduce over time. The forest, which was dense and therefore very difficult to penetrate, gave way to a more sparse forest and therefore, now easy to enter. His courage may also have been boosted by the type of tools he had been able to make now and with this he felt he could face any dangers the forest might present to him.

Need for a better land
The reduction in the amount of rainfall also caused a reduction in the amount of food that could be produced. The land also had become poor in the Savannah. At this stage, man was only producing food to feed the immediate family so the reduction in food production meant that he could not adequately feed his family anymore. This also compelled the man to move into the woodlands to look for better lands to cultivate to feed his family.

1. Outline six reasons why the Stone Aged man moved from the Savannah into the forest zone.
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