Virtual Kollage: The features of a centralized system of Government

Posted by / Monday, 19 December 2016 / No comments

The features of a centralized system of Government



THE FEATURES OF CENTRALIZATION
Definition of centralization
Centralization can be defined as the type of government in which powers of government are concentrated at the centre and exercised by a central authority.

FEATURES
Practiced in a unitary state
One of the features of a centralized system of government is that it thrives in a unitary system of government. Ghana, Sierra Leone and Britain are all unitary states and they have adopted the centralized system of government.

Centralized planning
Another feature of centralization is that planning is done by a central governing body situated at the centre. For example, planning takes place in a particular ministry in the capital of the country but is implemented in the regions and districts by bodies to which powers have been delegated.

Centralized power
Another feature of a centralized system of government is that power is vested in a single authority which is not required by law to share any part of the power with any other authority. Even it allows any other authority to exercise any aspect of its powers, the central government still maintains absolute control over the delegated power.

A single legislature
Another feature of a centralized system of government is that it has only one legislature. It is only this legislature that has the power to make laws for the entire country. No other body can make laws. If any other body makes laws, it does so because the power has been delegated to it to do so.

A single executive
It is also a feature of a centralized system of government to have only one executive. The function of the single executive is to formulate and implement policies in order to administer the country. It has a well structured Civil Service to help in the implementation of its policies and programmes.  

A single judiciary
A centralized system of government can also boast of just one judiciary. It is structured in such a way that there are lower courts and higher courts up to the supreme court of the land. Their main duties are to administer justice to those whose rights have been infringed upon and to interpret the constitution, among others.

SAMPLE QUESTIONS
1. a. Define a centralized system of government. [2 marks]
    b. Highlight five features of a centralized system of government. [10 marks]

2. In what six ways can one identify a centralized system of government? [12 marks]

Related Posts