Virtual Kollage: The disadvantages of devolution

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The disadvantages of devolution



THE DISADVANTAGES OF DEVOLUTION
Definition of devolution
Devolution, as an aspect of decentralization can be defined as the situation in which the government at the centre relinquishes part of its power to other bodies such as local governments.

THE DEMERITS
Difficulty in getting qualified personnel
One of the disadvantages of devolution is that it is difficult to get qualified personnel to accept posting to the remote places. This is especially so in developing countries where not all the areas have critical social amenities. Everybody highly qualified person wants to remain in the big cities.

May lead to inefficiency
Where there is the absence of qualified personnel, the government is compelled to hire anybody who is willing to accept posting to the remote areas. The result is that such people are not as efficient as is expected of them.

Stifles uniform development
Another disadvantage of devolution is that some districts that are motivated tend to develop faster than others. Apart from that some districts get highly qualified people to work there so they are able to come up with policies that inure to the benefit of the locality and those with lowly qualified personnel suffer. In the end, the pattern of development is not uniform.

It is expensive
The institutions of state that help in the running of the country need to be deployed in all parts of the country to render similar services to the people at the grassroots. This calls for the building of structures and the hiring of personnel to man them. These personnel have to be remunerated appropriately. This makes the practice of devolution a very expensive venture.

Divide loyalty
Though devolution brings government to the doorstep of the people, what happens is that the people begin to see the government close to them as the only government to relate to. For this reason, their loyalties are to the government close to them and drop.

May lead to secession
Where there is too much devolution, the governments at the regional and districts may feel too independent and may begin to think they could stand on their own. This may lead to the tendency to break away from the centre and if care is not taken, it may lead to an all out war.

SAMPLE QUESTIONS
1. a. What is devolution?
    b. Highlight five disadvantages of devolution.

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