Posted by / Wednesday 13 July 2016 / No comments

The fall of Jerusalem to Nebuchadnezzer

King Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, came against Jehoiakim, king of Judah and turned Judah into a vassal state for three years. Then Jehoiakim rebelled against him. As a result, God sent some forces from among the Chaldeans, Syrians, Moabites and the Ammonites to destroy Judah because of the sins of Manasseh and the shedding of innocent blood.

Later, Jehoiakim died and his son Jehoiachin ruled in his place. He was eighteen years old when he became king. He also did what was evil before the Lord. Consequently, the servants of Nebuchadnezzar besieged Jerusalem. When King the king of Babylon visited his troops in Jerusalem, the king of Judah, king Jehoiachin surrendered to king Nebuchadnezzar. He surrendered together with mother, the Queen Mother, his servants, his Princes, and his palace officials.

King Nebuchadnezzar took them away to Babylon and this was in the eighth year of his reign. He took away ten thousand citizens of the land. This included men of valour, all the craftsmen, and the smiths. The only people he left were the poor. In short, he took away the cream of society and carried away treasures from the temple of the Lord.

The king of Babylon appointed an uncle of Jehoiachin, called Mattaniah as king. He gave him the stool name Zedekiah. Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he was made the king and he reigned for eleven years in Jerusalem. He also did what was evil in the site of the Lord and incurred His anger.

King Nebuchadnezzar besieged Jerusalem in the ninth year of the reign of Jehoiachin. This continued for two years. No supplies were coming in and nothing was leaving the city. There was famine in the land as a result of Nebuchadnezzar's action.

One day, at night, the king of Judah and some of his soldiers fled in the night through a gate near the king’s garden. They were chased and the king of Judah was arrested in plain of Jericho. All his soldiers deserted him. They brought Zedekiah to Nebuchadnezzar in Riblah, where he was sentenced. His children were killed right in front of his eyes. They removed his eyes so he could see nothing, then they put him in chains and took him away to Babylon.

Some months later, the captain of the army of Nebuchadnezzar, called Nebuzaradan, came down to Jerusalem and burned the temple of the Lord, the king’s palace and every great house in Jerusalem. They also broke down the walls of Jerusalem. Then they carried the rest of the people who remained in the land into exile. They, however, left some of the poorest of the land to till the land and dress the vines.

They also ransacked the temple of the Lord and took all the things they found there away to Babylon.

1. a. Give an account of the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians during the reign of Zedekiah.
    b. Identify four causes of social arrest in Africa today.
                   Causes of social unrest
i.                    Political instability
ii.                  Economic stagnation
iii.                Social injustice
iv.                 Suppression of the truth
v.                   Desire of a group to dominate another group politically.
vi.                 Widening the gap between the poor and the rich.
vii.               Religious fanaticism.
viii.             Corruption and dishonesty

2. a. Describe king Nebuchadnezzar’s attack on Judah.
    b. List four effects of war on a nation.
                   Effects of war on a nation
i.                    Famine
ii.                  Distrust
iii.                Enmity
iv.                 Suspicion
v.                   Loss of life and property
vi.                 Underdevelopment
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