Virtual Kollage: The achievements of the United Nations Organization

Posted by / Thursday, 24 March 2016 / No comments

The achievements of the United Nations Organization

Access, Many, Hands, Un, World

THE UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATIONS
Introduction
The United Nations Organization was established after the Second World War. This was at a meeting of fifty countries in San Francisco, the USA in June 1945.

Objectives and Aims of the United Nations
1. To promote world peace.
2. To promote friendly relations among nations.
3. To solve international economic, cultural and humanitarian problems.
4. To ensure respect for human rights throughout the world.

ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Development and codification of International Law
The United Nations has been able to develop laws governing international engagement. Some of these international laws include those relating to how nations engage at the diplomatic level. There are laws indicating which areas constitute the Sea waters or the air-space of a country. Any violation of such boundaries could lead to dire consequences. The downing of a Russian aircraft by Turkey is a clear example of why such internationally codified must be respected.

Decolonization
The United Nations has contributed, in no small measure, to the achievement of independence of many of its current member states. Most of them were still under colonial rule at the time the United Nations was formed but today, they have all attained independence and become members of the organization.

Forum for Discussion
The United Nations serves as a forum for discussing issues of international importance. The world has faced the scourge of HIV and AIDS and this was brought to the attention of the world through discussions at the U.N. The Ebola problem in West Africa, received similar mention at the U.N. As such issues are discussed at such fora, the opportunity is created for finding lasting global solutions to them.

Peaceful Transition of Governments
The United Nations has helped member-nations to peacefully transition from one government to another. On countless occasions,  the United Nations has sent its monitoring groups to monitor elections in member states. Sometimes the member states themselves invite the U.N. to monitor their elections with the aim of giving the election an international credibility. Credibility problems are solved once the U.N. election monitoring group declares that the election was generally free and fair.

Maintenance of World Peace
The United Nations has been relatively successful in the maintenance of world peace. The United Nations has dispatched troops to conflict zones all over the world, since it was formed, to quell violence and to maintain peace. In the thick of the Rwandan crisis, which ended with the death of about 900,000 Rwandans, the United Nations had to step in and send troops there to establish and keep the peace. 

Promotion of Human Rights
The United Nations has achieved so much in the promotion of human rights. One cardinal landmark is the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights. This declaration has helped immeasurably in the promotion of fundamental human right all over the world.

Control of Global Drug Menace
The United Nations has achieved a lot against the global drugs trade. With its help, there is now a collaboration among member states against illicit drugs, including its manufacture, trafficking, laundering of profits, arrest and prosecution of those involved.

SAMPLE QUESTIONS
1. Highlight six achievements of the United Nations Organization.
2. Identify six reasons why the United Nations Organization is a useful international organization.



OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS ON THE UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION
Test One
1. The Secretary of State of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O.) is appointed for a period of
A. three years
B. five years
C. seven years
D. nine years

2. The use of Veto power in the United Nations is only exercised by the
A. economic and Social Council
B. International Court of Justice
C. Trusteeship Council
D. Security Council

3. The Economic and Social Council of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O.) is made up of
A. 25 members
B. 26 members
C. 27 members
D. 28 members

4. the most important achievement of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O.) is the
A. election of a Secretary-General from Africa
B. prevention of another World War
C. increase in its membership
D. settlement of cases of election rigging

5. The major aim of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O.) is to
A. maintain international peace and security
B. co-ordinate and supervise the activities of specialized agencies
C. promote sports among all nations
D. stabilize the price of oil in the market

6. The World Health Organization (WHO) is an agency of the
A. Organization of African Unity (O.A.U.)
B. Economic Community of West African States (E.C.O.W.A.S.)
C. Commonwealth of Nations
D. United Nations Organization

7.  The Headquarters of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O.) is located at
A. New York
B. Addis Ababa
C. Vienna
D. London

8. The international organization, formed after the Second World war to guarantee international peace and security is called the
A. non-aligned Movement
B. United Nations Organization
C. League of nations
D. Casablanca Group

9. Food and Agricultural Organization (F.A.O.) is one of the specialized agencies of
A.  Organization of African Union (O.A.U.)
B. Economic Community of West African States (E.C.O.W.A.S.)
C. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
D. United Nations Organization (U.N.O.)

10. An organ of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O.) whose decision is binding on all members of the
A. Security Council
B. Economic and Social Council
C. Trusteeship Council
D. International Court of Justice

Test Two
1. Which of the following is an organ of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O.)?
A. Assembly of Heads of State
B. International Labour Organization
C. Council of Ministers
D. The Security Council

2. Which of the following bodies is the most representative organ of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O.)?
A. The Economic and Social Council
B. The Trusteeship Council
C. The Security Council
D. The General Assembly

3. The world organization which existed before the United Nations Organization was the
A. League of Nations
B. European Economic Community
C. Organization of African Unity (O.A.U.)
D. Commonwealth of Nations

4. Which of the following is the most powerful organ of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O.)? The
A. Trusteeship Council
B. Security Council
C. Council of Ministers
D. Secretariat

5. The organ of the United Nations Organization responsible for negotiating agreements with the Specialized agencies is the
A. General Assembly
B. Security Council
C. Economic and Social Council
D. trusteeship Council

6. The Internal Court of Justice has its Headquarters in
A. The Hague
B. Paris
C. London
D. New York

7. Which of the following countries is a permanent member of the Security Council?
A. India
B. Canada
C. China
D. Korea

8. October 24 of each year is universally marked as the United Nations Day because on this day, the
A. United Nations Organization (U.N.O.) officially came into existence
B. Second World War ended
C. Two Super Powers signed the United Nations Charter
D. Charter on Fundamental Human Rights was signed

9. One of the objectives of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O.) is to
A. develop the African states
B. maintain international peace and security
C. ensure that workers all over the world are paid handsome wages and salaries
D. provide ammunition for any warring state

10. All the following organs of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O.) have their Headquarters in New York except the
A. United Nations Development Project (U.N.D.P.)
B. World Health Organization (WHO)
C. International Court of Justice (I.C.J.)
D. International Labour Organization (I.L.O.)

Test three
1. The organ of the United Nations organization which consists of all the members is called
A. General Assembly
B. Economic and Social Council
C. Trusteeship Council
D. Security Council

2. The International Court of Justice at the Hague consists of
A. 5 judges
B. 7 Judges
C. 10 Judges
D. 15 Judges

3. What is the nationality of the first African to become Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O.)?
A. Ethiopia
B. Tanzania
C. Egyptian
D. Nigerian

4. Which of the following personalities did Kofi Annan succeed as the Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization?
A. U Thant
B. Dag Hammarskjold
C. Boutros Boutros Ghali
D. Perez de Cuellar

5. The main deliberative organ of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O.) is the
A. International Court of Justice
B. Secretariat
C. Economic and Social Council
D. General Assembly

6.   The “Uniting for Peace” resolution of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O.) was adopted in
A. 1945
B. 1947
C. 1950
D. 1960

7. The veto was given to the five members of the Security Council of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O.) is necessary because it
A. makes them respect the U.N.O. and helps her achieve her objectives.
B. gives due respect to whom honour is due.
C. makes apartheid South Africa fear the U.N.O.
D. brings the big powers into agreement on the big issues.

8. The United Nations day is celebrated on
A. March 14th
B. May 5th
C. October 24th
D. September 17th

9. The United Nations Secretary-General is appointed by the
A. Secretariat
B. Economic and Social Council
C. International Court of Justice
D. General Assembly

10. The international organization which was formed after the Second World War to guarantee international peace and security is the
A. World Bank
B. United Nations Organization
C. League of Nations
D. British Commonwealth of nations

Answers to the objective questions above


Related Posts