Virtual Kollage: The International Court of Justice of the United Nations Organization

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The International Court of Justice of the United Nations Organization



THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE
Introduction
The International Court of Justice or the I.C.J. is another organ of the United Nations Organization. Its headquarters is in The Hague, Netherlands. The I.C.J. is made up of 15 judges who serve for nine years but are eligible for re-election, at most twice. 

FUNCTIONS OF THE I.C.J.
Settlement of Disputes
The main function of the International Court of Justice is to settle disputes among the member states of the United Nations. It can also settle disputes involving non-member states.

Legal Advice 
The various bodies of the United Nations, especially the Security Council and the General Assembly solicits legal opinions from the I.C.J. on legal issues. So the I.C.J. offers the United Nations legal advice when they request it.

Interpretation of Conventions
There are several conventions that govern the activities of member states of the United Nations. There is for example, an International Maritime Law that member states must adhere to. In the event of any dispute on the proper interpretation of any of these international laws, it is the function of the I.C.J. to give its interpretation. 

International Law and Treaties
The I.C.J. settles disputes in relation to international law and treaties. When states breach international obligations, the I.C.J. is the body that determines the level of reparation to be paid by the breaching state.

CRITICISMS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE
Limited Jurisdiction
Unless the parties to a dispute agree to bring the matter before the International Court of Justice, the body has no power to delve into the case. Thus the conflict between Nigeria and Cameron over the Bakassi Peninsular persisted until both parties to the dispute agreed that the I.C.J. must settle it. In other words, the I.C.J.s mandate is only limited to matters before it.

Limited to nations
A private organization or enterprise, cannot take a dispute to the International Court of Justice.  It is limited to nations only who must agree to take the matter there.

Absence of Judicial Independence
The International Court does not the independence that a normal judiciary is expected to have in democratic member country. This is so because the some permanent members of the Security Council prevent a riling from being enforced, especially where it involves their darling nation..

Enforcement Powers
The International Court of Justice cannot enforce its decisions because it does not have the powers to do so. It is instructive to know that, when any party to a dispute before it refuses to comply by its ruling, the I.C.J. can only report that party to the Security Council for any necessary action to be taken.

Other International Courts
The existence of other international courts is an affront to the existence of the I.C.J. because they do not come under the ambit of the I.C.J. An example, is the International Criminal Court. The International Criminal Court incidentally is also headquartered in The Hague but it does not come under International Court of Justice.

SAMPLE QUESTIONS
1. a. What is the International Court of Justice? 
    b. Which five function are performed by the International Court of Justice?

2. a. Describe the International Court of Justice. 
    b. What five criticisms have been leveled against the operations of the International Court of Justice?


OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS ON THE UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION
Test One
1. The Secretary of State of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is appointed for a period of
A. three years
B. five years
C. seven years
D. nine years

2. The use of Veto power in the United Nations is only exercised by the
A. economic and Social Council
B. international Court of Justice
C. Trusteeship Council
D. Security Council

3. The Economic and Social Council of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is made up of
A. 25 members
B. 26 members
C. 27 members
D. 28 members

4. the most important achievement of the United Nations organization (UNO) is the
A. election of a Secretary-General from Africa
B. prevention of another World War
C. increase in its membership
D. settlement of cases of election rigging

5. The major aim of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is to
A. maintain international peace and security
B. co-ordinate and supervise the activities of specialized agencies
C. promote sports among all nations
D. stabilize the price of oil in the market

6. The World Health Organization (WHO) is an agency of the
A. Organization of African unity (OAU)
B. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
C. Commonwealth of Nations
D. United Nations Organization

7.  The Headquarters of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is located at
A. New York
B. Addis Ababa
C. Vienna
D. London

8. The international organization, formed after the Second World war to guarantee international peace and security is called the
A. non-aligned Movement
B. United Nations Organization
C. League of nations
D. Cassablanca Group

9. Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) is one of the specialized agencies of
A.  Organization of African Union (OAU)
B. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
C. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
D. United Nations Organization (UNO)

10. An organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO) whose decision is binding on all members of the
A. Security Council
B. Economic and Social Council
C. Trusteeship council
D. International Court of Justice

Test Two
1. Which of the following is an organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO)?
A. Assembly of Heads of State
B. international Labour Organization
C. Council of Ministers
D. The Security Council

2. Which of the following bodies is the most representative organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO)?
A. The Economic and Social council
B. The Trusteeship Council
C. The Security Council
D. The General Assembly

3. The world organization which existed before the United Nations Organization was the
A. League of Nations
B. European Economic Community
C. Organization of African Unity (OAU)
D. Commonwealth of Nations

4. Which of the following is the most powerful organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO)? The
A. Trusteeship Council
B. Security Council
C. council of Ministers
D. Secretariat

5. The organ of the United Nations Organization responsible for negotiating agreements with the Specialized agencies is the
A. General Assembly
B. Security Council
C. Economic and Social Council
D. trusteeship Council

6. The Internal Court of Justice has its Headquarters in
A. The Hague
B. Paris
C. London
D. New York

7. Which of the following countries is a permanent member of the Security Council?
A. India
B. Canada
C. China
D. Korea

8. October 24 of each year is universally marked as the United Nations Day because on this day, the
A. United Nations Organization (UNO) officially came into existence
B. Second World War ended
C. Two Super Powers signed the United Nations Charter
D. Charter on Fundamental Human Rights was signed

9. One of the objectives of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is to
A. develop the African states
B. maintain international peace and security
C. ensure that workers all over the world are paid handsome wages and salaries
D. provide ammunition for any warring state

10. All the following organs of the United Nations Organization (UNO) have their Headquarters in New York except the
A. United Nations Development Project (UNDP)
B. World Health Organization (WHO)
C. International Court of Justice (ICJ)
D. International Labour Organization (ILO)

Test three
1. The organ of the United Nations organization which consists of all the members is called
A. General Assembly
B. Economic and Social Council
C. Trusteeship Council
D. Security Council

2. The international Court of Justice at the Hague consists of
A. 5 judges
B. 7 Judges
C. 10 Judges
D. 15 Judges

3. What is the nationality of the first African to become Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization (UNO)?
A. Ethiopia
B. Tanzania
C. Egyptian
D. Nigerian

4. Which of the following personalities did Kofi Annan succeed as the Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization?
A. U Thant
B. Dag Hammarskjold
C. Boutors Boutros Ghali
D. Perez de Cuellar

5. The main deliberative organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is the
A. International Court of Justice
B. Secretariat
C. Economic and Social Council
D. General Assembly

6.   The “Uniting for Peace” resolution of the United Nations Organization (UNO) was adopted in
A. 1945
B. 1947
C. 1950
D. 1960

7. The veto given to the five members of the Security Council of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is necessary because it
A. makes them respect the UNO and helps her achieve her objectives.
B. gives due respect to whom honour is due.
C. makes apartheid South Africa to fear the UNO
D. brings the big powers into agreement on the big issues.

8. The United Nations day is celebrated on
A. March 14th
B. May 5th
C. October 24th
D. September 17th

9. The United Nations Secretary-General is appointed by the
A. Secretariat
B. Economic and social Council
C. International Court of Justice
D. General Assembly

10. The international organization which was formed after the Second World War to guarantee international peace and security is the
A. World Bank
B. United Nations Organization
C. League of Nations
D. British Commonwealth of nations


OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS ON THE UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION
Test One
1. The Secretary of State of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is appointed for a period of
A. three years
B. five years
C. seven years
D. nine years

2. The use of Veto power in the United Nations is only exercised by the
A. economic and Social Council
B. international Court of Justice
C. Trusteeship Council
D. Security Council

3. The Economic and Social Council of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is made up of
A. 25 members
B. 26 members
C. 27 members
D. 28 members

4. the most important achievement of the United Nations organization (UNO) is the
A. election of a Secretary-General from Africa
B. prevention of another World War
C. increase in its membership
D. settlement of cases of election rigging

5. The major aim of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is to
A. maintain international peace and security
B. co-ordinate and supervise the activities of specialized agencies
C. promote sports among all nations
D. stabilize the price of oil in the market

6. The World Health Organization (WHO) is an agency of the
A. Organization of African unity (OAU)
B. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
C. Commonwealth of Nations
D. United Nations Organization

7.  The Headquarters of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is located at
A. New York
B. Addis Ababa
C. Vienna
D. London

8. The international organization, formed after the Second World war to guarantee international peace and security is called the
A. non-aligned Movement
B. United Nations Organization
C. League of nations
D. Cassablanca Group

9. Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) is one of the specialized agencies of
A.  Organization of African Union (OAU)
B. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
C. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
D. United Nations Organization (UNO)

10. An organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO) whose decision is binding on all members of the
A. Security Council
B. Economic and Social Council
C. Trusteeship council
D. International Court of Justice

Test Two
1. Which of the following is an organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO)?
A. Assembly of Heads of State
B. international Labour Organization
C. Council of Ministers
D. The Security Council

2. Which of the following bodies is the most representative organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO)?
A. The Economic and Social council
B. The Trusteeship Council
C. The Security Council
D. The General Assembly

3. The world organization which existed before the United Nations Organization was the
A. League of Nations
B. European Economic Community
C. Organization of African Unity (OAU)
D. Commonwealth of Nations

4. Which of the following is the most powerful organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO)? The
A. Trusteeship Council
B. Security Council
C. council of Ministers
D. Secretariat

5. The organ of the United Nations Organization responsible for negotiating agreements with the Specialized agencies is the
A. General Assembly
B. Security Council
C. Economic and Social Council
D. trusteeship Council

6. The Internal Court of Justice has its Headquarters in
A. The Hague
B. Paris
C. London
D. New York

7. Which of the following countries is a permanent member of the Security Council?
A. India
B. Canada
C. China
D. Korea

8. October 24 of each year is universally marked as the United Nations Day because on this day, the
A. United Nations Organization (UNO) officially came into existence
B. Second World War ended
C. Two Super Powers signed the United Nations Charter
D. Charter on Fundamental Human Rights was signed

9. One of the objectives of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is to
A. develop the African states
B. maintain international peace and security
C. ensure that workers all over the world are paid handsome wages and salaries
D. provide ammunition for any warring state

10. All the following organs of the United Nations Organization (UNO) have their Headquarters in New York except the
A. United Nations Development Project (UNDP)
B. World Health Organization (WHO)
C. International Court of Justice (ICJ)
D. International Labour Organization (ILO)

Test three
1. The organ of the United Nations organization which consists of all the members is called
A. General Assembly
B. Economic and Social Council
C. Trusteeship Council
D. Security Council

2. The international Court of Justice at the Hague consists of
A. 5 judges
B. 7 Judges
C. 10 Judges
D. 15 Judges

3. What is the nationality of the first African to become Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization (UNO)?
A. Ethiopia
B. Tanzania
C. Egyptian
D. Nigerian

4. Which of the following personalities did Kofi Annan succeed as the Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization?
A. U Thant
B. Dag Hammarskjold
C. Boutors Boutros Ghali
D. Perez de Cuellar

5. The main deliberative organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is the
A. International Court of Justice
B. Secretariat
C. Economic and Social Council
D. General Assembly

6.   The “Uniting for Peace” resolution of the United Nations Organization (UNO) was adopted in
A. 1945
B. 1947
C. 1950
D. 1960

7. The veto given to the five members of the Security Council of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is necessary because it
A. makes them respect the UNO and helps her achieve her objectives.
B. gives due respect to whom honour is due.
C. makes apartheid South Africa to fear the UNO
D. brings the big powers into agreement on the big issues.

8. The United Nations day is celebrated on
A. March 14th
B. May 5th
C. October 24th
D. September 17th

9. The United Nations Secretary-General is appointed by the
A. Secretariat
B. Economic and social Council
C. International Court of Justice
D. General Assembly

10. The international organization which was formed after the Second World War to guarantee international peace and security is the
A. World Bank
B. United Nations Organization
C. League of Nations
D. British Commonwealth of nations


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