Virtual Kollage: The Economic and Social Council of the United Nations Organization

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The Economic and Social Council of the United Nations Organization

Malaysia, Skyscraper, Building


THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL
Introduction
The Economic and Social Council is one of the six main organs of the U.N. it is made up of 54 members who are elected by the General Assembly. Its meetings are held in two regular sessions in April and July. However, where the need arises, another meeting can be called.

 FUNCTIONS AND POWERS
Co-ordination
One of the major functions of the Economic and Social Council is to co-ordinate the activities of the United Nations Organization. The activities of the United Nations are in the fields of economics, social, cultural health, education, etc., and the job of the Economic and Social Council is to research these areas and make recommendations to the General Assembly.

Arrange conferences
In situations where member states of the United Nations are affected by international social and economic problems, the Economic and Social Council is enjoined to arrange international conferences for the discussion of these problems.

Cooperation among nations
The Economic and Social Council is also expected to ensure, or at least, encourage member states of the United Nations to collaborate among themselves. These collaborations are expected to be in the fields of health, education and better standards of living among others. 
 
Forum for Discussion
At the meetings of the Economic and Social Council, matters of international dimension in the fields of economics and social development are discussed in detail. It can therefore be said that it serves as a forum for the discussion of issues international importance.

Promotion of Human Rights
The Economic ans Social Council must ensure that the fundamental human rights and freedoms of the citizens of the member states are respected by signatories to the United Nation's Charter on human rights.

Liaison with Non-governmental Organizations
From time to time, the Council consults relevant non-governmental organizations in the fields of economics, health, culture, education, etc.

SAMPLE QUESTIONS
1. a. Describe the composition of the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations.
    b. Outline five of its functions.

2. Highlight six functions that are performed by the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations organization.

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS ON THE UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION
Test One
1. The Secretary of State of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is appointed for a period of
A. three years
B. five years
C. seven years
D. nine years

2. The use of Veto power in the United Nations is only exercised by the
A. economic and Social Council
B. international Court of Justice
C. Trusteeship Council
D. Security Council

3. The Economic and Social Council of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is made up of
A. 25 members
B. 26 members
C. 27 members
D. 28 members

4. the most important achievement of the United Nations organization (UNO) is the
A. election of a Secretary-General from Africa
B. prevention of another World War
C. increase in its membership
D. settlement of cases of election rigging

5. The major aim of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is to
A. maintain international peace and security
B. co-ordinate and supervise the activities of specialized agencies
C. promote sports among all nations
D. stabilize the price of oil in the market

6. The World Health Organization (WHO) is an agency of the
A. Organization of African unity (OAU)
B. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
C. Commonwealth of Nations
D. United Nations Organization

7.  The Headquarters of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is located at
A. New York
B. Addis Ababa
C. Vienna
D. London

8. The international organization, formed after the Second World war to guarantee international peace and security is called the
A. non-aligned Movement
B. United Nations Organization
C. League of nations
D. Cassablanca Group

9. Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) is one of the specialized agencies of
A.  Organization of African Union (OAU)
B. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
C. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
D. United Nations Organization (UNO)

10. An organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO) whose decision is binding on all members of the
A. Security Council
B. Economic and Social Council
C. Trusteeship council
D. International Court of Justice

Test Two
1. Which of the following is an organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO)?
A. Assembly of Heads of State
B. international Labour Organization
C. Council of Ministers
D. The Security Council

2. Which of the following bodies is the most representative organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO)?
A. The Economic and Social council
B. The Trusteeship Council
C. The Security Council
D. The General Assembly

3. The world organization which existed before the United Nations Organization was the
A. League of Nations
B. European Economic Community
C. Organization of African Unity (OAU)
D. Commonwealth of Nations

4. Which of the following is the most powerful organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO)? The
A. Trusteeship Council
B. Security Council
C. council of Ministers
D. Secretariat

5. The organ of the United Nations Organization responsible for negotiating agreements with the Specialized agencies is the
A. General Assembly
B. Security Council
C. Economic and Social Council
D. trusteeship Council

6. The Internal Court of Justice has its Headquarters in
A. The Hague
B. Paris
C. London
D. New York

7. Which of the following countries is a permanent member of the Security Council?
A. India
B. Canada
C. China
D. Korea

8. October 24 of each year is universally marked as the United Nations Day because on this day, the
A. United Nations Organization (UNO) officially came into existence
B. Second World War ended
C. Two Super Powers signed the United Nations Charter
D. Charter on Fundamental Human Rights was signed

9. One of the objectives of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is to
A. develop the African states
B. maintain international peace and security
C. ensure that workers all over the world are paid handsome wages and salaries
D. provide ammunition for any warring state

10. All the following organs of the United Nations Organization (UNO) have their Headquarters in New York except the
A. United Nations Development Project (UNDP)
B. World Health Organization (WHO)
C. International Court of Justice (ICJ)
D. International Labour Organization (ILO)

Test three
1. The organ of the United Nations organization which consists of all the members is called
A. General Assembly
B. Economic and Social Council
C. Trusteeship Council
D. Security Council

2. The international Court of Justice at the Hague consists of
A. 5 judges
B. 7 Judges
C. 10 Judges
D. 15 Judges

3. What is the nationality of the first African to become Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization (UNO)?
A. Ethiopia
B. Tanzania
C. Egyptian
D. Nigerian

4. Which of the following personalities did Kofi Annan succeed as the Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization?
A. U Thant
B. Dag Hammarskjold
C. Boutors Boutros Ghali
D. Perez de Cuellar

5. The main deliberative organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is the
A. International Court of Justice
B. Secretariat
C. Economic and Social Council
D. General Assembly

6.   The “Uniting for Peace” resolution of the United Nations Organization (UNO) was adopted in
A. 1945
B. 1947
C. 1950
D. 1960

7. The veto given to the five members of the Security Council of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is necessary because it
A. makes them respect the UNO and helps her achieve her objectives.
B. gives due respect to whom honour is due.
C. makes apartheid South Africa to fear the UNO
D. brings the big powers into agreement on the big issues.

8. The United Nations day is celebrated on
A. March 14th
B. May 5th
C. October 24th
D. September 17th

9. The United Nations Secretary-General is appointed by the
A. Secretariat
B. Economic and social Council
C. International Court of Justice
D. General Assembly

10. The international organization which was formed after the Second World War to guarantee international peace and security is the
A. World Bank
B. United Nations Organization
C. League of Nations
D. British Commonwealth of nations


Answers to the objective questions above>>

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