Virtual Kollage: The aims and objectives of ECOWAS

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The aims and objectives of ECOWAS

THE ECONOMIC COMMUNITY OF WEST AFRICAN STATES (ECOWAS)
Background
The Economic Community of West African States was established in 1975 by 15 member nations, who signed a treaty in Lagos, Nigeria, on 28th May, of the same year. The Community was later joined by a 16th member, Cape Verde in 1976. In 2002, Mauritania left the community, so membership is back to the original 15 membership.

Currently, the member states include Benin, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, Togo, Burkina Fasso, Senegal, Mali, Niger, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and The Gambia. The headquarters of the Community is now at Abuja, having been previously headquartered in Lagos. Nigeria.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
Promote co-operation and integration
One of the aims of ECOWAS was to promote co-operation and integration. It was believed that this could lead to the establishment of a monetary union to stimulate economic activity and achieve stability.

Eliminate customs duties etc. at entry points
Secondly, the community aimed at ensuring the elimination of customs duties, import and export duties that are charged at the various entry and exit points among the member countries.

Harmonize policies
Thirdly, the community aimed at the harmonization of the policies of the member states so that programmes and projects in the sub-region can be integrated.

Create a common market
Fourthly, the community's aim was to establish a common market, through the removal of the barriers to the free movement of goods and services as well as of persons. Another component of this was the adoption of common tariffs within the sub-region. 

Joint venture
Fifthly, the organization aimed at the promotion of joint ventures among companies of member countries in order to encourage investments across borders. 

Regional Fund for co-operation, compensation and development
Sixth, the organization aimed at the establishment of a fund, the ECOWAS Fund, to carter for the special needs of member states that might arise in the course of the implementation of the protocols of the the organization.

Balanced development
Another aim of the ECOWAS was the encouragement of plans and policies to promote a balanced development across the entire sub-region.


SAMPLE QUESTIONS
1. a. Describe the Economic Community of West African States.
    b. Highlight five aims of the formation of the community.
2. Explain six fundamental principles governing the Economic Community of West African States.
3. a. What is the composition of the Economic Community of West African States?
    b. Give five reasons why the West African countries find it necessary to establish the ECOWAS?



OBJECTIVE QUESTION ON THE ECOWAS
Test One
1. The objective of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is to
A. promote economic development among member states.
B. achieve African Unity.
C. establish political unification of West Africa
D. eradicate all forms of racism in West Africa.

2. The highest organ of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is the
A. Council of Ministers
B. Secretariat.
C. Tribunal.
D. Authorities of Heads of State and Government

3.  The main focus of the ECOWAS Monitoring Group (ECOMOG) is the
A. maintenance of peace in troubled spots of West Africa.
B. installation of unpopular governments in West Africa.
C. protection of oil pipe-lines along the coast of West Africa.
D. promotion of military rule.

4. The administrative Headquarters of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is in
A. Banjul
B. Accra
C. Bamako
D. Abuja

5. The primary objective of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is to
A. prevent crimes in West Africa.
B. promote the socio-economic development of member states.
C. control pollution and environmental degradation.
D. promote universal human rights.

6. It is most unlikely for member nations of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) to
A. fuse into one political entity.
B. establish a common customs tariff.
C. have joint development of transport and communication.
D. abolish obstacles to free movement of citizens.

7. The term ECOMOG means
A. Economic Community of West African Group
B. Economic Community Monetary Group
C. ECOWAS Monitoring Group
D. ECOWAS Movement Group

8. One of the problems of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is that
A. member states do not attend meetings regularly.
B. member states do not have a common currency.
C. some member states want to contribute large amounts to the community.
D. it is a rival to the Organization of African Unity.

9. The first Executive Secretary of the Economic Community of West African States was
A. Diallo Telli
B. Nzo Ekangaki
C. Abubakar Quattara
D. Salim A. Salim

10. The ECOWAS Monitoring Group (ECOMOG) was organized to maintain peace in
A. La Cote D’ivoire
B. Benin Republic
C. Liberia
D. Guinea

Test Two
1. All the following are aims and objectives of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) except to
A. maintain closer relations with member states.
B. encourage customs union and common market.
C. raise the political consciousness of the people.
D. raise the people’s standard of living.

2. Which of the following is not a serious problem of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
A. the economies of member states are not contemporary.
B. member states are primary producers.
C. member states have dependent economies.
D. member states speak different languages.

3. A sub-organization that was formed mainly for economic purpose is the
A. Organization of African Unity (OAU)
B. United Nations Organization (UNO)
C. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
D. Commonwealth of Nations

4. Which of the following Heads of State initiated the formation of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)?
A. Ahmadu Ahidjo and Paul Biya
B. Yakubu Gowan and Gnasingbe Eyadema
C. Sekou Toure and Siaka Stephens
D. Dawda Jawara and Abdou Diouf

5. The last member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is
A. Niger Republic
B. Sierra Leone.
C. The Gambia.
D. Cape Verde

6. The two countries that jointly promoted the formation of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) were
A. Nigeria and Benin
B. Senegal and La Cote D’ivoire
C. Togo and Ghana
D. Togo and Nigeria

7. Which of the following is a regional international organization?
A. International Labour Organization
B. United Nations Organization
C. The Commonwealth of Nations
D. Economic Community of West African States.

8. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was established
A. 1975
B. 1976
C. 1977
D. 1978

9. One of the following is not an aim of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
A. harmonization of resources of member states for economic development.
B. promotion of socialism.
C. unifying the various tariff systems in West Africa.
D. ensuring free movement of persons and services among member states.

10. Which of the following countries is not a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)?
A. Liberia.
B. Cameroon.
C. Togo.
D. Ghana.


Objective questions on the ECOWAS
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