Posted by / Tuesday, 31 July 2018 / No comments

Some monuments, heritages and galleries to visit on your next trip to Nigeria

The Kano City Wall. IMAGE: From

In almost all countries of the world, the people are significantly blessed with heritage sites and spectacular monuments. Nigeria happens to be one of these many countries blessed with such sites, some of which have found their way into the list of UNESCO world heritage sites.

A heritage has been defined by as “…a historical site, a building, or an area of unspoilt natural environment, considered to be important to a country or area’s heritage.” The same source also defines a monument as “…a large structure, usually made of stone, which is built to remind people of an event in history or of a famous person.”

Using the defined above, heritages and monuments can be found in many parts of Nigeria. The specter, splendor, history and myth surrounding these heritages and monuments in Nigeria are such that it is a must for every tourist to visit on the next trip to Nigeria. 

Some of these interesting heritage sites are discussed below.

Sakur world heritage site
This is one of the sites that you need to visit when you next come to Nigeria. The site is located on top of a hill which is close to the Sukur villiage. Located in the Madagali Local Government Area, in Adamawa State, the site was adjudged a UNESCO world heritage site in 1999. It has a breath-taking cultural landscape which UNESCO considered as most enduring.

Osun-Oshogbo Sacred Groove
Another important heritage site on the UNESCO list is the Osun-Oshogbo Sacred Groove. A visit to this groove would reveal sacred huts, metal works, objects made from clay and wooden objects. All these after a very dense forest preserved from the 14th century. The groove is located in Osun State. This was not the only sacred groove in Nigeria; the others were destroyed through unhindered human activity. This particular one was saved by a European called Susanne Wenger, an art revivalist.

Per the works and efforts of Suanne Wenger, the Osun-Oshogbo sacred groove remains today. Many people from all walks of life visit this site for pleasure, education and some just to satisfy their curiosity.

You may want to plan your next visit to Nigeria to fall in August. This is the month in which the Oshogbo International Festival is celebrated. The people of Osun have been celebrating this festival since 1370. A visit around this time would afford the visitor the opportunity to see the sacred groove and also to witness and enjoy the spectacle of the festival.

The Three White cap chiefs. IMAGE: From
There are two very important monuments to visit when you come to Nigeria. They are the “Arometa” or Three White Cap Chiefs and the Kano City Walls. The Arometa is a 12ft tall sculpture made by one Biodun Shodeinde. He finished the edifice in 1991. Currently, it is located in Epe. The original purpose of the sculpture was to welcome visitors into the city of Lagos and that was why it was first place at the entrance to the city of Lagos. Superstitious reasons necessitated its relocation to the present place. It is a beauty to behold.

The Kano City wall was declared a national monument by the Federal Government of Nigeria in 1959. The primary purpose of the construction of the ancient wall was to serve as a place of refuge for the people of Kano. Built in the 10th century, its foundations were laid in 1095. These monuments hold a lot of history of the people which a historian or student of history may want to learn. Otherwise, it is a good place for feast the eyes of a tourist.

Art galleries
There several Art Galleries in Nigeria to visit when you get there. There is Nike Art Gallery in Lagos, Oshogbo and Abuja. There is Omenka Gallery in Ikoyi.

Badagry Slave Museum and Black History Museum, Badagry, Nigeria
Badagry Slave Museum and Black History Museum. IMAGE: From
There are several museums to visit in Nigeria but the one museum that would leave lasting memories in your mind is the Badagry Slave Museum and Black History Museum. This is the museum where you can hear the chilling stories of man’s inhumanity to man. It tells the story of how African slaves from Nigeria were treated by their slave masters and how human beings were sold off like items in the supermarkets of today. You will be privileged to try on the shackles that were used to hold down the slaves before they were finally shipped away. Expect goose bumps on your body as you listen through the tales.

Do you have any monument or heritage around where you live, in your state or province, in your country, one which you know a few things about? Let everyone know in the comments section.

1.a. What are monuments and heritages?
b. Identify and highlight five heritages and monuments in your country.

Major festivals in Nigeria
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